Friday, 20 April 2018

History of Wayanad

History of Wayanad
History of Wayanad

Wayanad is a tourist destination in Kerala today. Well, once upon a time it was a land of paddy and other plantations. History shows how Wayanad was ruled by different Raja’s later taken over by the British to goldmine cash crops and spices and then turned into a number one tourist destination of Kerala.

The early history of Wayanad

Wayanad history talks about the Palaeolithic and Neolithic civilizations. The history dates back to almost 800 years back, and pieces of evidence about New Stone Age civilization could be seen around the hills of Wayanad. Ampukuthimala situated between Ambalavayal and Sulthan Bathery, together with images in their walls and cave writings, speak much about the civilization and the age. History of the Wayanad district goes back to the 18th century. In early times, the Rajas of this Veda tribe dominated the land.

Under the dominion rule of this Pazhassi Rajahs of Kottayam royal dynasty, Wayanad came in later days. After Hyder Ali becomes the ruler of Mysore, he brought it and invaded Wayanad. In Tipu's times, Wayanad was revived into the Kottayam royal dynasty.

However, Tipu handed to the British across the Malabar area, following the Sreerangapattanam truce, he left. Tipu Sultan and the British fought to maintain Wayanad however, the East India Company, together with their might, gained control and encouraged money crops plantation. Later constant fights and ferocious experiences between the British and Kerala Varma Pazhassi Rajah of Kottayam came into the picture.

As soon as the Rajah was pushed into the jungle of Wayanad, the Kurichiya tribals were ordered by him and engaged the British. In the long run, the British could get the person of the Rajah, who killed himself in the forest's inside.

The British Rule in Wayanad

Wayanad history then took a turn and dropped in the hands of the British. The governments opened the plateau for the cultivation of tea along with other cash crops including coffee, tea, and assorted spices. The British worked to create infrastructure such as the building of streets in the terrain. Roads were placed across Wayanad's slopes, from Thalassery and Kozhikode. These streets were extended throughout Gudalur into the towns of Ooty and Mysore. Throughout the streets poured from all parts of the forest and Kerala lands proved a goldmine with returns of crops.

The evolution of Modern Wayanad

Wayanad was a part of Kannur district after the State of Kerala came into being in November 1956. South Wayanad has been moved to Kozhikode district. To be able to match the ambitions of Wayanad people for growth, South Wayanad and north Wayanad were carved out and combined together to make the district of Wayanad on November 1, 1980. People of Wayanad are fantastic and very welcoming. The natural beauty of the flora and fauna and the other historical places attract tourist worldwide every year.

This article is written by Arun Thomas who is an IT Engineer by profession and a traveler by Passion. He goes around visiting new places, photographing them, learning new culture and blogging about them. He has recently visited Wayanad and this article is based on his study of Wayanad.

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